Who can play?
As an integrated sport, both able-bodied people and people with disabilities compete together in wheelchair basketball. Nearly every physical disability is a good fit for wheelchair basketball. It is, however, recommended that you have good upper body mobility and use of a manual chair for a positive sport experience.
How is the game played?
Wheelchair basketball is played on a standard sized basketball court. For adults, the height of the basket, distance to the foul line, three point line, etc., are the same measurements as able-bodied basketball. For juniors, some programs offer 6 to 8 foot hoop heights to ensure that they have fun and experience success.
Rules for wheelchair basketball vary little from standard basketball rules. In Canada, FIBA (International Basketball Federation) rules are used with minor changes to reflect the use of a wheelchair. These changes do not change the way the game is played, but instead are used to interpret the rules affected by the use of a wheelchair.
The game consists of 4 ten minute quarters.
The wheelchair is considered part of the player's body in relation to establishing responsibility for contact on court in the case of charging, blocking, going out of bounds, and other violations.
A player may wheel the chair and bounce the ball simultaneously, however, if the ball is picked up and/or placed on the players lap, he/she is only allowed to push twice before they are obligated to shoot, pass, or dribble the ball again.
There is no double dribble rule in wheelchair basketball. A traveling violation occurs if the player takes more than two pushes while in possession of the ball and not dribbling.
In addition to the technical fouls that may be assessed from time to time as in stand up basketball, a player lifting his/her legs to gain an advantage or lifting out of his/her chair is given a technical foul. The player must remain firmly seated in their chair and must not use his/her lower limbs to steer the chair or gain an unfair advantage.
You can find a complete listing of the IWBF's offical rules on the Wheelchair Basketball Canada website.